1. Abu Bakr was the senior companion of the Prophet Muhammad
Abu Bakr is known with the honorific title al-Siddiq by Muslims. He was the senior companion and was, through his daughter Aisha, a father-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Companions of the Prophet were the disciples and followers of Muhammad who saw or met the prophet during his lifetime while being a Muslim and were physically in his presence.
2. Abu Bakr became one of the first converts to Islam
Abū Bakr purportedly was the first male convert to Islam. He extensively contributed his wealth in support of Muhammad’s work. He was among Muhammad’s closest companions.
3. Abu Bakr accompanied Prophet Muhammad on his migration to Medina
Being Prophet’s Muhammad’s closest companion, Abu Bakr accompanied him on his migration to Medina and was present throughout the entire journey.
Hijrah was the journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina. The year in which the Hijrah took place is also identified as the epoch of the Lunar Hijri and Solar Hijri calendars; its date equates to 16 July, 622 in the Julian calendar
4. Abu Bakr witnessed military conflicts, such as the battles of Badr and Uhud
The Battle of Badr in the Qur’an and by Muslims was fought on Tuesday, 13 March 624. near the present-day city of Badr, Al Madinah Province in Saudi Arabia. Muhammad, commanding an army of his Sahaba, defeated an army of the Quraysh. The battle marked the beginning of the six-year war between Muhammad and his tribe.
5. Abu Bakr succeeded in the leadership of the Muslim community after Muhammad’s death
Following Muhammad’s death in 632, Abu Bakr succeeded in the leadership of the Muslim community as the first Rashidun Caliph. The succession to Muhammad is the central issue that split the Muslim community into several divisions in the first century of Islamic history, with the most prominent among these sects being the Shia and Sunni branches of Islam.
6. During his reign, Abu Bakr overcame uprisings, collectively known as the Ridda Wars
The Ridda Wars were a series of military campaigns launched by the first caliph Abu Bakr against rebellious Arabian tribes. They began shortly after the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad in 632 and concluded the next year, with all battles won by the Rashidun Caliphate.
7. Abu Bakr’s first wife did not accept Islam and he divorced her
His first wife Qutaylah bint Abd-al-Uzza did not accept Islam and he divorced her. His other wife, Um Ruman, became a Muslim. All his children accepted Islam except Abd al-Rahman, from whom Abu Bakr disassociated himself.
8. Many slaves accepted Islam at the insistence of Abu Bakr
Abu Bakr’s acceptance proved to be a milestone in Muhammad’s mission. Slavery was common in Mecca, and many slaves accepted Islam. When an ordinary free man accepted Islam, despite opposition, he would enjoy the protection of his tribe.
9. Abu Bakr built the second largest mosque in Mecca
In Medina, Muhammad decided to construct a mosque. A piece of land was chosen and the price of the land was paid for by Abu Bakr. The Muslims, including Abu Bakr, constructed a mosque named Al-Masjid al-Nabawi at the site.
10. Abu Bakr was the only Rashidun caliph to die of natural causes
Abu Bakr died of illness after a reign of 2 years, 2 months, and 14 days, the only Rashidun caliph to die of natural causes.
Abu Bakr had the distinction of being the first Caliph in the history of Islam and also the first Caliph to nominate a successor. He was the only Caliph in the history of Islam who refunded to the state treasury at the time of his death the entire amount of the allowance that he had drawn during the period of his caliphate.